Pollution from stormwater is one of the biggest environmental problems facing society. Today, in urban and suburban areas, much of the land is covered with buildings and pavement. This does not allow rain or snowmelt to soak into the ground. Further, most developed areas rely on storm drains to carry large amounts of runoff from roofs and paved areas to nearby waterways.
The porous and varied terrain of natural landscapes such as forests, wetlands and grasslands help to trap rainwater and snowmelt, allowing the water to filter slowly into the ground. In contrast, impervious or nonporous surfaces like roads, parking lots and rooftops prevent rain and snowmelt from infiltrating or soaking into the ground. Most of the rainfall and snowmelt remains above the surface, where it runs off rapidly in unnaturally large amounts. Because of impervious surfaces like pavement and roof tops, a typical city block generates more than five times the amount of runoff that a woodland area of the same size would generate.
The runoff generated by rain and snow melt picks up fertilizers, dirt, chemicals, pesticides, oil, grease and many other pollutants and discharges these pollutants into our streams and rivers. This untreated discharge is detrimental to water quality in our streams and lakes, such as Lake Nockamixon. The water from most of the streams in Richland Township ends up in Lake Nockamixon.
The concern about stormwater runoff is one of the reasons that Richland Township limits the amount of impervious surface areas that are allowed on lots and adopted an earth disturbance ordinance in 1995 and a stormwater management ordinance in 2000. Today we are partnering with the Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection through the federally mandated MS4 Program to help protect the environment from stormwater pollution.
Prevention is the most economical and cost effective way to eliminate stormwater pollution. By following simple cost free guidelines, we can all reduce the amount of pollution reaching our streams. In addition, there are many low cost things that we can do that, in addition to reducing pollution, can provide additional benefits to us and our properties.
You may be contributing to water pollution without even realizing it. Before you exclude yourself as part of the problem, check if any of the following situations exist at your home:
When you think about it there is a good chance that we are contributing to water pollution. However, there are many things that we can do to help. In many cases, simply changing some of our practices can help. We should seek to reduce the volume of our stormwater runoff and to reduce the amount of pollution that our runoff carries away.
Dumping yard waste or chemicals, such as paint and used motor oil, down storm drains is not only harmful, it is illegal. If you observe someone dumping materials down a storm drain, please report it as soon as possible. You may call the Richland Township Police Department at 215-536-9500 or the Township Office at 215-536-4066. Also, please report anything that you see in a stream that you do not believe should be there.
For more information about these matters, please see the attachments and links below.
|Water Efficient Landscaping||Rain Garden Manual|
|Richland Township Earth Disturbance Ordinance||Native Plants||Grass Recycling|
|Richland Township Stormwater Ordinance||The Clean-Water Economy||Canines for Clean Creaks|
|A Citizens Guide to Understanding Stormwater||Pollution Prevention and Good Housekeeping||Rutgers University "Detention Basin Retrofits and Maintenance"|
|Homeowner's Guide to Stormwater||Hazardous Waste Collection Program||Stormwater and the Construction Industry|
|The Solution to Stormwater Pollution||Pollution Prevention Ideas for Businesses||Information for the Construction Industry|
|Caring for Your Streamside Property||Restaurants & Food Services Good Housekeeping Practices||Construction Site Runoff Control|
|How to Build & Install a Rain Barrel||Reducing Stormwater and Flooding||Post-Construction Runoff Control|
|Maintaining Stormwater Basins on Your Property||Protecting Water Quality from Urban Runoff||Stormwater Management for Auto Recyclers|
|Swimming Pool Water Discharge Guidelines||Protecting Water Quality from Agricultural Runoff||Auto Maintenance Good Housekeeping Practices|
|Septic System Information|
|DEP Stormwater Management Program||EPA Water Homepage|
|EPA Stormwater Homepage||EPA Water Pollution Prevention|
|US EPA Stormwater Outreach||National Menu of Stormwater Best Management Practices|
|EPA MS4 Main Page||Polluted Runoff|
|MS4 Fact Sheets||Stormwater Case Studies|
|EPA Watersheds||Upper Tohickon Watershed Association|
|Bucks County Conservation District||Perkiomen Watershed Conservancy|
|Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA)||PennDOT Adopt-A-Highway Program|
|Center for Watershed Protection||Stormwater Education|
|Partnership for the Delaware Estuary||A Homeowner’s Guide to Stormwater Management|